Wood Atlas - Xylarium
The common fig (Ficus carica) is a medium-sized shrub or tree and is particularly at home in the entire Mediterranean basin and Southwest Asia. It has very likely been cultivated for its fruit long before the emergence of sedentary agriculture, making the fig one of the world’s oldest domesticated plants. Large fig tree orchards can be found in Turkey, Greece, southern Italy, and Spain, growing the fig known to consumers around the world in either its fresh or dried form.
Fig wood is medium hard and moderately heavy and has traditionally been most commonly used for all sorts of carving projects. In the 13th and 14th century, it also gained favor as the preferred material wood for panels to paint on.